Tips to protect yourself and your property from the severe cold
Soon we are going to feel cold weather the likes many of us haven't experienced in maybe a generation. Incredible cold is hitting the northern tier and northeast of the ... Read More
Time to check your smoke alarms when you turn back your clocks
This weekend it will be time to “fall back” into Standard Time. Daylight Saving Time ends at 2 a.m. Sunday, Nov. 4, which means you’ll want to check your ... Read More
Do you know what to do to stay safe?
It's that time of year again when we are approaching that confluence of peak time to be outdoors coupled with the greatest threat of thunderstorms. While most all of us love the ... Read More
Whether you have a garbage disposal or not, it is not wise to put everything down the drain, unless you want a clogged kitchen sink. Unfortunately, some people think so. And, unfortunately, it could cost you for indiscriminately washing everything ... Read More
Keeping white clothes bright, white, and fresh can be a challenge. Bleach can be a great refresher to your garments and keep them looking their best. However, you can't use bleach on every fabric.Bleaching Your White ClothesMake sure to check ... Read More
Many households have grown accustomed to the convenience of having a microwave oven, but only a few have taken advantage of the benefits offered. The difference between a regular microwave oven and a convection microwave oven is its ability to ... Read More
Maybe you’re sitting in your kitchen – contemplating life and maybe also the difference between electric and gas ranges. Is there a difference? Which type is better?
When an appliance, stove, or range has reached the end of its life, you’re ... Read More
The refrigerator is a wonderful invention, but it's not a miracle preserver for every type of food. The following food items just don't fit in the fridge and should be kept either on the counter or in the freezer. Some ... Read More
More people take their appliances and electronics for granted than anything else in their home. We use these items on a daily basis, and many people are completely unaware of how to maintain them. This can result in costly breakdowns, ... Read More
The 3-slot dryer outlet is currently being replaced by the 4-slot as is required by law. Many people have had the dilemma of trying to convert the 3-slot dryer into the 4-slot one and vice versa. For residences built in ... Read More
Different fabrics require different care. Cotton and linen are both natural fibers, but using the same techniques on both will result in the material losing quality over time.Caring for LinenUse a delicate detergent and low spin speed. Make sure to ... Read More
Even though your washing machine is best suited for your dirty laundry, there are lots of other - often surprising - things that can be cleaned in the washer. Here are just a few to keep in mind.Sports GearYou probably ... Read More
What an interesting winter it has been. Not a lot of snow, and not many severely cold days. We did have a few cold snaps where we had to be ready for frozen pipes and other worries; and of course ... Read More
There is something inherently gratifying about a well-stocked pantry, and keeping it organized is key. Whether you have an allocated pantry in your home, or if you are trying to carve-out a pantry-space in a small or crowded kitchen, there ... Read More
People who want to create a restaurant experience at home usually stop at the food part. It can certainly be great fun to throw together an elegant meal for a special occasion that contains exotic ingredients and then make it ... Read More
Even though your refrigerator and freezer allow you to keep leftovers relatively fresh and safe to eat, there is a limit to how long your vegetables can be stored. And yet, not many people really take this into account. They ... Read More
When you shop for laundry detergent, you might wonder if there's a big difference between different detergent types. Actually, depending on how you do laundry and what kind of stains and dirt you have, there is somewhat of a difference. ... Read More
A kitchen remodel can range from simply making space for new appliances to a full renovation that calls for new cabinets and countertops. While you should take some time to make sure that your newly renovated kitchen is visually appealing, ... Read More
Some helpful tips to prevent them in the first place
Water expands as it freezes. This expansion puts tremendous pressure on whatever is containing it, including metal or plastic pipes. No matter the strength of a container, expanding water will most ... Read More
There are different types of refrigerators, the most common these days are refrigerators with water filtration systems. If you own this type of fridge with a water filter, it is important that you know about the mechanism of the water ... Read More
Since you're unlikely to find a washer and dryer combo unit in most American homes, you're probably going to have to mix and match when shopping for a washing machine and a clothes dryer. Here are a few tips that ... Read More
Even though a refrigerator can keep food safe to eat for at least a few days, it's easy to forget what kind of food you have. After a few weeks, you might open the refrigerator door only to be assaulted ... Read More
When we get later into the winter thoughts naturally turn to sprucing up your home for all of the warm weather entertaining to come. This is a great time to remodel your kitchen, bath or laundry room to include the ... Read More
Today's refrigerator appliances have evolved as integral to convenient, healthy living. Researching must-have refrigerator features and other considerations in smart refrigeration is as important as visiting appliance stores in person. Prior to purchasing at a home appliance store, consumers should ... Read More
The price of produce has risen extensively in the last several years. This situation makes proper preservation of your produce paramount, and this can be accomplished with a proper humidity drawer. What is a humidity drawer? What does it do ... Read More
Why We All Hate LaundryIf you're like most moms these days, laundry is a never-ending, smoking, freight train. Piles of both folded and unfolded, clean laundry lie in extra rooms and bedroom corners, and dirty laundry bags seem like bottomless ... Read More
Imagine pulling your fresh and fluffy laundry from your clothes dryer only to find that it is riddled with stains from a stray lip balm. ChapStick®, lip balms, and lip sticks can wreak havoc with your laundry, when these get ... Read More
Why Should You Clean Your Household Appliances?The cleanliness of your home and kitchen is important to your overall well being. With the amount of time we spend in our homes, there exists an obvious need to keep our appliances clean ... Read More
Ink stains in the dryer can spell trouble for each and every load of wash that you do. Get rid of these problematic spots with a few tricks and tips that will remove the ink and eliminate the chance of ... Read More
We're approaching the Holiday Season...Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Year's Day. For many people, FOG is a major issue. No, we don't mean the fog of possible over-imbibing. Nor do we mean the difficulty of getting to Grandma's house because you can't ... Read More
Everyone dreams of having a fully-stocked kitchen that can handle any type of meal. But if you can't afford that, you can make do if you only have the following four cooking pans. These are almost as important as any ... Read More
Wool dryer balls are fast-becoming a popular item online and in some shops and retailers. These laundry essentials are found at a wide price-point, but are simple to make on your own. Consider making these easy balls for gifts to ... Read More
Originally published in 2015, we thought it would be good to bring back again.
This weekend was the established time that we were to change our clocks (for those clocks not in our smart phones or computers). Did you take the ... Read More
When your hands are at war with plates of crusty, baked-on lasagna, it's hard to realize just how much water is running down the drain. Between rinses, scrubs, and distractions, washing dishes by hand can use 27 gallons of water ... Read More
Front load washing machines have been designed in a way that the doors are watertight and airtight. Additionally, they have a seal with a rubber gasket. The rubber traps moisture and provides a perfect environment for mold growth and unpleasant ... Read More
While dishwashers are great for cleaning and sanitizing your dishes, the kitchen appliance itself needs to be cleaned every so often. Dirty dishes may expose your dishwasher to grease, food debris and soap scum that tends to accumulate inside the ... Read More
Bottom mount refrigerators have recently become very popular, as opposed to the more traditional top-mounted units featuring a freezer on top and cool space below, or French door side-by-side freezer and cool space areas. When you visit an appliance store ... Read More
In a fire, seconds count. Seconds can mean the difference between residents of our community escaping safely from a fire or having their lives end in tragedy.That’s why this year’s Fire Prevention Week theme: “Every Second Counts: Plan 2 Ways ... Read More
Are you storing your foods properly? There are many foods that seem to end up in the pantry or on your counter that really should be kept in the refrigerator. Failure to keep these items chilled can result in spoilage, ... Read More
Wine sales are currently sky rocketing, and where and how we choose to consume wine is changing. Many people prefer to drink their wine at home rather than at the bar/restaurant. Moreover, the consumption of wine has turned into a ... Read More
If you drink coffee, you likely are accustomed to tossing out your used grounds. Don't. Instead, start reserving these for a multitude of uses around your home, from cleaning concoctions to lush plants. Furthermore, consider how you are reducing your ... Read More
From cooking websites, cooking shows and kitchen stores all raving about must-have kitchen items that will make your cooking experience easier, it has become difficult to separate essential tools from the not so useful items. Some items are however definite ... Read More
The kitchen is where you live your life. It is where you prepare healthy meals for your family, and where your family gathers to talk about the cares of the day. Unfortunately, the kitchen is also the site of many ... Read More
Consumers used to worry about their washers using too much water. Now they seem more concerned about their washing machines not using enough. While each brand will vary, most modern washers are built to maximize the wash using as little ... Read More
There is a lot of confusion surrounding the above kitchen appliances as many people often refer to a stove as an oven. An oven is a chamber for cooking without external burners, a stove is a cooking appliance without an ... Read More
If you want your washer to do its job, make sure that you are loading it properly. Clothes will get cleaner and you will save energy if you use your machine according to the manufacturer's recommendations, which will keep the ... Read More
Fix cooking mistakes with these tips.Boiling water is pretty much the easiest kitchen task out there. But it isn't necessarily super simple all the time, especially when you're trying to boil the right amount of water for pasta on your ... Read More
If you've recently cleaned out your refrigerator, then congratulations! You've just completed one of the most tedious and disgusting chores you will probably need to do. Here are a few ways you can organize your fridge to make the next ... Read More
One of the biggest problems that you will have with your laundry appliances is filtering out laundry lint, especially if you have a septic system instead of a public sewer connection. Even though your washer and dryer have ways of ... Read More
Do your towels need a refresh? Here are some suggestions.There are few things better than drying yourself off with a fresh, fluffy towel after a hot shower. The problem is that towels rarely stay fluffy for long. After a handful ... Read More
...that will make your kitchen the talk of the town!If you want to have a modern kitchen that meets all of your needs, you will need a variety of cutting edge appliances. Some of the appliance features in today's kitchens ... Read More
The kitchen is sometimes described as the heart of a home, and sometimes you just need something that'll make it beat a little faster.An Efficient KitchenFor someone who loves to create delicious culinary concoctions, you want to have the most ... Read More
Over time, cook tops can build up quite a bit of gunk and grime. But cleaning them doesn't have to be a daunting task. Read on to learn some tips that make cleaning both gas and electric cook tops easier.Use ... Read More
Dishwashers are amazing time savers. There's nothing quite like clearing a huge pile of dishes after friends come to visit and having a machine do the cleaning for you while you go back to watching TV. It's also nice to ... Read More
Your laundry room may be the most functional room in your house, but that doesn't mean it has to look boring. You can have a color, pattern, and design scheme here just like any other room in your home. To ... Read More
Washing and drying laundry is an ever-present task that never goes away. For this reason, it makes sense to streamline the process as much as possible through the use of updated technology and efficient routines. Here are some tips to ... Read More
Most people have had the experience of removing their laundry from the washer or dryer to see red clothes that were formerly white or a sweater that looks two sizes smaller. This happens when you don't sort the laundry and ... Read More
Have you ever opened your refrigerator so stuffed with food and containers that you’re afraid everything will avalanche out? Sometimes, it’s just easier to leave the mess alone than to go through all of your expired food. But it doesn't ... Read More
The best way to save on your laundry costs is to avoid doing it completely, right?Many a busy parent has had this thought when considering how to tackle that big mound of dirty clothes. But as much fun as this ... Read More
Are you in search of a new kitchen range? With the variety of options nowadays, you'll want to know what's right for you. Check out these four steps to choosing the perfect kitchen range.Step 1. Choose a range based on ... Read More
If you ever wonder how two socks go in the wash and only one comes out, you are not alone. Your washer and dryer are continuously getting a bad rap and reputation for eating socks. The key to hanging on ... Read More
Make sure that you plan and position your washer and dryer placement with some thought. Positioning the set in the wrong spot could interfere with your daily routine, cause inconvenience, and become a headache fast.Some things to keep in mind ... Read More
You probably know the importance of clearing the lint trap in your dryer, but if you have a lint trap on your washer, do you maintain it? The lint that comes from your laundry during washing can clog up your ... Read More
To keep colors true and get whites truly bright, you need to sort your laundry correctly. It's an extra step, but one that saves your clothes. It's worth the effort.What's the Point?Sorting your clothes by color, fabric and heavy dirt ... Read More
As its name implies, a top load washer is one where you load clothes from the top rather than the front. Before you bring a new washer home, it's important to check to make sure you have the right washer ... Read More
Small appliances such as coffee makers, blenders, and juicers are great labor-saving devices. Unfortunately, they can collect dirt and grime quickly due to their small size, curves, and moving parts. By cleaning up splatter and other messes on your small ... Read More
Before you go out and buy a new front-loading washer, make sure that you buy the one that will best suit your home and life.Some things to look for in your new washer are:The Measurements Typically a front load washer ... Read More
Tempted to shove just a few more clothes into the dryer? Don't! You'll waste energy and your clothes will take much longer to dry. And that's just the beginning of the issues you will have.Here is a look at why ... Read More
When you change your clocks, be sure to check your smoke and CO alarms too!What winter? Here in PA we haven't had much of a winter. Some are still waiting for it to arrive.No matter, the calendar says its March. ... Read More
Do you know what your local municipality requires or accepts? See the 17 things not to recycle.Most, if not all municipalities in the cities and suburbs of the United States have some sort of recycling rules or guidelines. Lancaster County ... Read More
Washing machines just might be the biggest labor-saving device of the last century. The fact that you need one goes without saying, but which type should you purchase? You can choose a model where you load your clothes through a ... Read More
The lint filter in your dryer is easy to overlook. And that's too bad because cleaning it regularly can save you money and time.The Benefits of a Clean Lint Filter A clean filter helps you in four ways. Here is ... Read More
Cleaning burnt food off a pan is one of the least enjoyable parts of cooking--and cleaning. Maybe you got distracted while frying meat and its charbroiled remains are stuck to the pan. Another possibility is that you forgot to grease ... Read More
Smoke alarms and your safety are something that we take seriously here at Brubaker Inc. Do you have them in your home? If so, what condition are yours in? Do you know what kind they are? We have previously discussed ... Read More
When you're ready to start shopping for a new refrigerator, it's easy to be overwhelmed by the sheer number of models now available, and you might have trouble getting started with your search. Here are a few key points to ... Read More
We all dream of a large, luxurious kitchen with endless storage, two islands, and industrial appliances; in reality many of us have small, inefficient kitchens. Instead of viewing your tiny space as a hindrance, let’s look for all of the ... Read More
Need some help?Black Friday and Cyber Monday have become well-known as the best shopping times during the year because of deep discounts and special offers from retailers, even offered by stores who almost never cut their prices. While many people ... Read More
The leaves are turning on the trees, meaning that winter will soon be here. So, when does the time change? It is almost time to “fall back” into Standard Time. Daylight Saving Time ends at 2 a.m. Sunday, Nov. 6, ... Read More
Don't Overload Your HomeAccording to the National Fire Protection Association, 47,700 home fires in the U.S. are caused by electrical failures or malfunctions each year. These fires result in 418 deaths, 1,570 injuries, and $1.4 billion in property damage. Overloaded ... Read More
The Laundry...the Room Forgotten by our very own Nicole MartinOne of the most overlooked yet hardest used areas in the home is the laundry room. Just because something is functional doesn’t mean it can’t also be beautiful and efficient. There ... Read More
Consider your choices carefully
Looking ahead to this Valentine's Day Weekend, weather forecasts are projecting some of the coldest weather of the season. We will need to be mindful of over-exposure to the elements if we are outside, and protecting vulnerable ... Read More
It's the first real taste of winter this season. Be sure to do these things to make sure it isn't bitter.
For the latter part of 2015, there were some who were wondering if we would ever have anything like a ... Read More
Be prepared--ahead of time.
A party host's worst nightmare. Envision this: it's your favorite holiday of the year. You have a large gathering coming later in the day; you're in the midst of massive preparations in the kitchen and...you discover that ... Read More
Someone once quipped that Thanksgiving was invented for our Nation to give thanks, while the day after was invented for the plumber. Hmmm...is that true in your household?No other day of the year is as busy for plumbers as ... Read More
This weekend was the established time that we were to change our clocks (for those clocks not in our smart phones or computers). Did you take the time to do one other thing as you changed your clocks? If we forget ... Read More
National Fire Prevention Week is October 4-10, 2015.Every bedroom needs a working smoke alarm. If you didn’t know that, you’re not alone. An online questionnaire distributed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) showed that less than half (42 percent) ... Read More
Cabinets are an extremely important part of any remodeling project because they are generally the hardest working fixtures in a kitchen and provide the only necessary storage in many bathrooms. Besides function, they also provide one of the major design ... Read More
All About CountertopsSelecting a countertop material is one of the biggest decisions in your kitchen or bathroom remodeling project. The countertop is an immediate attention-grabber when someone walks in the room. With all of the choices available today you can ... Read More
There are three backsplash materials that are commonly used. Here's the pros & cons of each option. Laminate Pros: Laminate is cost effective solution and it is easy to clean.Cons: Laminate is recognized as an outdated style. It can only be ... Read More
Certain types of Challenger electrical panels and breakers catch fire! Really!
Check your panel today, as Challenger was very popular in the '80s and '90s. Circuit breakers are designed to keep you and your family safe. However, there are a ... Read More
How old is your panel? What brand is it?
Today, more than ever, we depend on electricity. Everything seems to operate off of electricity, or has electric components in it that are critical to its operation or performance. Most people have ... Read More
Simple ways to save water and utility costs
We have herd a lot in the news lately of the drought in the western portion of our Nation, especially in California. Even here in the Northeast portion of the United States, we ... Read More
Are you as safe as you can be around electricity?
People are injured or killed by electricity every year. Statistics tell us that there are over 400 electrocutions and over 4000 non-fatal injuries every year in the United States. That is ... Read More
One of the most overlooked yet hardest used areas in the home is the laundry room. Just because something is functional doesn’t mean it can’t also be beautiful and efficient. There are many ways to take your laundry area to ... Read More
Spring is finally here and it’s time to make some quick checks around the house .. Here are some quick and immediate plumbing tips for you to consider as the weather starts to warm.
Plumbing When turning on water valves for ... Read More
It's that time of year---don't forget to change the batteries in your CO and smoke alarms!
Wow! Two memorable winters in a row! We'll ask the question again just like last year: who isn't ready to 'Spring Ahead' out of this ... Read More
Will you be watching Sunday evening? For many Americans, the day of the NFL's Super Bowl is virtually a holiday. In fact, some people think it has been for many years. According to Joe Flint of the Los Angeles Times ... Read More
Tips and ideas for where to go with the extra drinks.
Okay, so tonight is the big celebration. You've got a crowd of people coming over for the festivities and no where near enough room for the refreshments. If you live ... Read More
If you’re about to embark on a kitchen, laundry or bathroom remodel, here are 10 tips to help you remain cool and calm during the construction.
Get Organized - When packing up your bathroom or kitchen in anticipation of the remodel ... Read More
By HAL CONICK, Content Producer for Penton Media and CONTRACTOR Magazine and IAN SIMPSON, Correspondent for Reuters News Service
Every November, people across the country gather with friends, family and others for a feast of epic proportions (and usually, epic ... Read More
Plumbing Be sure to disconnect all hoses from outside faucets. A connected hose can prevent proper drainage from the faucet and may freeze and damage the faucet.
If you have an outside faucet that is not a frost-proof faucet, be sure ... Read More
(Portions previously posted July 18th, 2013)
Okay, so it was a long, cold winter. And a rather chilly Spring. But Summer is finally here, and those hazy, hot 'Dog Days' are certainly just around the corner.
We've all heard of the 'Dog ... Read More
Plumbing Do you find yourself running out of hot water? Check the date of manufacture on your water heater. This can be found on a label on the unit. Typically the first four numbers of the serial number are the ... Read More
Plumbing When turning on water valves for the first time after the cold season is over, check for any leaks that may result from a pipe that may have had some leftover water in it that froze. Also check for ... Read More
What a winter it has been! Who isn't ready to 'Spring Ahead' right out of this frozen snow-filled icebox of a winter right headlong into Springtime warmth?In due time...warmer temperatures hopefully are just around the corner. Many have asked where the ... Read More
You can easily overlook your support systems when going away for a weekend, vacation, or extended period of time. If something happens while you’re away, you’ll come home to a nightmare and regret that you weren't better prepared.
To make sure ... Read More
Plumbing Do you have trouble with pipes freezing? Turn a faucet on to a slow trickle on an especially cold night to aid in keeping it from freezing solid. If you anticipate freezing problems or you have time in advance, ... Read More
By Sarah B. Weir, Senior Writer, YAHOO Shine
On Jan. 1, 2014, it will be lights out for standard incandescent 60- and 40-watt light bulbs. In order to comply with efficiency standards outlined in the Energy Independence and Security Act, which ... Read More
While the first official day of winter hasn't arrived yet, for many areas of the nation one look out the window would suggest otherwise. The snow and ice has us thinking how cold it is and that we might be ... Read More
National Fire Prevention Week is October 6-12, 2013.
Do you know what the leading cause of home fires is? It's cooking! According to the National Fire Protection Association, cooking is the leading cause of fires in the home, followed by heating ... Read More
Some tips for keeping your refrigerator clean.
Hands down, we have the safest food supply in the world. And we have some of the strictest standards for food safety also.
So why, then is there each year an estimated 76 million Americans ... Read More
Have you ever seen a piece of art in a gallery or museum and thought, “I could have done that?” Frequently that remark is made within earshot of someone else who retorts, “But you didn’t!”
For many of us, the materials ... Read More
We've all heard of the 'Dog Days of Summer'...and it actually has its origins in astronomy and not weather!
Stars aside (and dogs, for that matter), the time of year from early July until around the second week of August ... Read More
Looking for ways to remodel greener? Push past the hype and learn what really makes a renovation kind to the earth and easy on your wallet.
By Ken Grono, houzz.com
Let's get to the nitty-gritty of what it means to remodel green. ... Read More
We all know what vinegar is, right? It's used mainly for cooking.
Not necessarily. From 5000 years ago until the mid-1900's it was also used as a mild cleaning agent.
Now, in recent years, there has been a return to white vinegar ... Read More
If you have central air conditioning or a window air conditioning unit, you can cut your electric bills significantly, especially in very warm climates, by following these energy-saving cooling tips for when the cooling season begins.
When buying a window air ... Read More
Proper care and maintenance of your freezer will not only improve efficiency and performance, but will save energy dollars, and help your food contents to last longer.
Location of Your Appliance
Placing your refrigerator and/or freezer directly near a heat source, outside ... Read More
February is sometimes known as "National Care About Your Indoor Air" Month.
We hear it in the news all of the time. More and more instances of asthma and other respiratory irritations and illnesses. Skin irritations. Flu bugs and other communicable ... Read More
Here are 15 tips to peak performance.
Compliments of Contractor Magazine.
With energy costs at record levels, efficiency is on the minds of homeowners, and contractors are being asked to bring utility bills down. However, there are not as many contractors out ... Read More
Many of us are aware that lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in humans, for both men and women. Many people associate smoking with lung cancer. However, there is another lung cancer-causing killer out there: radon.
You can’t ... Read More
Ah, it's that time of year again. The days are short, and while they aren't so cold yet in our area, that isn't dampening the Holiday Spirit. Time to gather loved ones, and, given the tragic events of late in ... Read More
Be sure to check your home heating system and that you have working CO detectors.It's that time of year again. An article in the Intelligencer Journal/Lancaster New Era (11/20/12) reported a situation that could have ended tragically. A family’s heating system was ... Read More
Thomas Crapper?Really?While that makes for a nice, tidy, humorous answer, it is not true. He did not invent the toilet. He did, however, do much to increase the popularity of the toilet, and developed some important related inventions to it. ... Read More
It's also a great time to perform a few other basic safety-related procedures around your house.
This weekend, we will be setting our clocks back 1 hour. This is a great time to do a few other things, such as change ... Read More
By now we are all feeling the effects of Hurricane Sandy in the Eastern third of the Nation. This may go in the record books as one of the largest storms, in terms of geography (not necessarily intensity) ever.
Here is ... Read More
National Fire Prevention Week is October 7-13, 2012.
How good is your knowledge of history? Remember hearing or reading of the Great Chicago Fire of 1871? Tradition has it that it started when the O'Leary's cow kicked over a lantern in ... Read More
So you have smoke alarms in your home already? Do you know what kind they are? Did you know that they could possibly not go off in time?
NBC's Today Show and Nightly News highlighted the importance of having both ... Read More
One of the larger investments inside your home is your refrigerator. Simple maintenance and cleaning procedures can greatly extend the life and efficiency of it. Here are some pointers to keep your fridge running well now and for years to ... Read More
Not everything, as some people seem to believe. Here are some helpful hints to keep your disposal running properly:As mentioned previously, be sure to run water while the disposal is in operation. Please note that is should be cold water, ... Read More
Newer Units Will Only Lower Temp 25 Degrees From Outside
It’s an age-old argument: Is it more cost-effective to turn off air conditioning during the day or to keep it running? One local business argues that it is more effective to ... Read More